Even though, the speedy growth of renewable energy from more than ten years, fossil fuels still rules worldwide consumption of the energy. As per to the recently released BP’s Statistical Review of World Energy 2019, fossil fuels denoted 84.7 percent of worldwide energy consumption in the year 2018.
Also, a company which is called 911 Metallurgist gathered all the information and data from more than a dozen of sources in order to make the animated maps that will show which countries produce the most oil, coal, and natural gas at present.
They have also shown more details by presenting the Top 10 in every single category, as well as for complete fossil fuel production. By increasing the rankings, some disclosures were revealed in every category.
Total oil Production
The U.S. was the leading oil producer in the world but one of the biggest surprises is that China is one of the Top 5 oil producers around the globe, even ahead of all Middle Eastern nations except for Saudi Arabia.
Total natural gas Production
Here also, the U.S. was in the first place and other than that country such as Canada, China, and Norway were among the countries represented in the Top 10.
Total coal Production
By far, China is the leading producer of coal in the world, with a total of 46% of the worldwide total in the year 2018. The biggest surprise for some would be that the presence of Germany in the Top 10 list, which is also broadly considered to be one of the world’s “greenest” countries.
Total fossil fuel production
The U.S. in fossil fuel production also took the top spot overall, which doesn’t seem to be a huge surprise for many. The US is given the top spot in both oil as well as natural gas production which is followed by Russia in the second place (also not a surprise), but the third spot will be a surprise to many as the spot goes to Iran.
Also, it may possibly be a surprise that more Middle Eastern nations weren’t on the Top 10 list, but that nations such as Canada, China, Norway, as well as Australia were all in the Top 10. Perhaps, Norway might be the biggest surprise for most for the reason that they only made the Top 10 in only one category, coming in at No. 7 in natural gas production.
The United States holds even less than 5% of the world’s population, but because of the large houses and private cars, it utilizes even more than 25% of the world’s supply of fossil fuels. As the major source of U.S. greenhouse gas discharges, CO2 from fossil fuel combustion noted for 80 percent of its weighted emissions in the year 1998.
Fossil fuels combustion also produces several other air pollutants, like nitrogen oxides, sulfur dioxide, volatile organic compounds as well as heavy metals.
As per to Environment Canada, “The electricity sector is unique among industrial sectors in its very large contribution to emissions associated with nearly all air issues. Electricity generation produces a large share of Canadian nitrogen oxides and sulphur dioxide emissions, which contribute to smog and acid rain and the formation of fine particulate matter. It is the largest uncontrolled industrial source of mercury emissions in Canada. Fossil fuel-fired electric power plants also emit carbon dioxide, which may contribute to climate change. In addition, the sector has significant impacts on water and habitat and species. In particular, hydropower dams and transmission lines have significant effects on water and biodiversity.”