Global climate change is a big threat to marine life. The consistent increase in the temperature of the water bodies is posing a threat to marine animals. Pollution has been a side effect of human civilization. The water bodies and air are getting polluted like never before due to the industrial activities. This has been flagged as a threat for the fishes and other animals which survives in the water bodies.
The Global animal biomass in the water bodies is expected to fall down by more than 17% by 2100, even if fishing is excluded, by the National academy of sciences.
The impact on the animal biomass decrement age on accounts of the growing admission which will increase the temperature of water bodies by 3 to 4 degree Celsius.
According to the researchers, even if the human race is able to control the emission, global warming will still keep on rising and this word decreases the animal expectancy in the water bodies by 5%. Hence, the coral life will keep on decreasing as global warming increases.
Besides global warming, the increasing acid content in water is leading to a process called acidification which tends to make the water bodies toxic. As a result of the increase in acid, the oxygen content of the water starts falling. Therefore, very less oxygen available for the Marine animals to consume. This is a matter of great concern and must be addressed as soon as possible.
The researchers believe that for every 1-degree rise in temperature of the water bodies, the marine life will go down by 5% every year.
However, a scientist has found out an unusual thing. According to a research paper published by the Marine Ecology Progress series, Atlantic Surfclams, a large water calm located in the western part of the Atlantic Ocean, are shifting their range in order to adapt to the increasing water body temperature.
A number of Marine Institute have combined together to produce a research paper which states that Atlantic Surfclams is using a special way to remain on the safe side. The new strategy is a game changer because it beats the risk of increasing water temperature.
According to the study, Atlantic Surfclams are producing larvae in huge numbers. Additionally, they proportionally lay down the larvae in different parts of the ocean to diversify the risk of predators and increasing water temperature. Therefore, the reduction procedure is successful in the long run.
The fish is eaten by a large population and a 17% decrease will affect each and every individual who consumes fish. Hence, studying the impact of global warming and other things is very important in order to understand the trend. Those species which adapt to the change in water temperature have better chances of survival in the long run.