Yom HaZikaron And Yom HaAtzmaut 2019: Yom HaZikaron is a “Memorial Day for the Fallen Soldiers of Israel and Victims of Terrorism”. The day is Israel’s official Remembrance Day, passed into law in the year 1963. While Yom HaZikaron has been traditionally devoted to fallen soldiers, the observance has also been long-drawn-out to civilian victims of terrorism.
“Fear not: for I am with you: I will bring thy seed from the east, and gather you from the west; I will say to the north, Give up; and to the south, Keep not back: bring My sons from far, and My daughters from the ends of the earth.” (Isaiah 43:5–7)
Defense Minister Moshe Ya’alon wrote in a letter sent to bereaved families on Friday, “The air raid sirens that will pierce the air on the eve of Remembrance Day will be the sign that transforms personal loss, which is so agonizing, to everyone’s loss. It seems that there is no Israeli citizen who has not experienced bereavement, whether it’s personal or through knowing friends who fell.”
History Of Yom HaZikaron And Yom HaAtzmaut
In the year 1949 and 1950, the first two years after the announcement of the State, commemorative services for soldiers who fell in the 1947 to 1949 Palestine war were conducted on Independence Day. Services at military graveyards were synchronized in the middle of the IDF and the Ministry of Defense.
A concern rose, conveyed by families of fallen soldiers, to institute a distinct memorial day observance distinct from the celebratory celebrations of national independence. In reply, and in light of the public discussion on the concern, Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion who is also serving as Minister of Defense has established the “Public Council for Soldiers’ Commemoration” in January 1951. This council acclaimed instituting the 4th of Iyyar, the day before Independence Day, as the “General Memorial Day for the Heroes of the War of Independence”. This suggestion gained government authorization in that same year.
When Are Yom HaZikaron And Yom HaAtzmaut 2020?
In this year 2020, the Yom HaZikaron is going to be celebrated on the 27 April at the time of Sunset and is going to end on 28 April during nightfall.
Yom HaZikaron 2020 date: Start on sunset, 27 April and will end nightfall, 28 April
Yom HaZikaron 2021 date: Start on sunset, 13 April and is going to end on nightfall, 14 April
Observance Of Yom HaZikaron and Yom HaAtzmaut
Yom HaZikaronn is the national remembrance day celebrated in Israel for every single Israeli military personnel who sacrificed their lives in the battle that led to the formation of the State of Israel and for those who have been killed later while on active duty in Israel’s armed militaries. As of Yom HaZikaron 2018, that number of Israeli military personnel who sacrificed their lives for the nation was 23,645.
The day starts with a siren the previous late afternoon at 20:00 (8:00 pm), given that in the Hebrew calendar system, a day arises at sundown. The siren is perceived all over the nation and carry on for one minute, for the duration of which Israelis stop everything, as well as driving on highways, and stand in silence, honouring the fallen and showing the respect to them.
All places of entertainment are closed on the day before of Yom HaZikaron, as pwe to the law and the broadcasting and informative bodies note the solemnity of the day. Regular television programs terminate for the day, and the names and positions of every single soldier who died for Israel are presented in a 24-hour television broadcast.
Main Memorial day
A two-minute siren is signalled at 11:00 the next morning, which marks the inauguration of the official memorial observances and private commemoration get-togethers at every single cemetery where soldiers are buried.
A lot of Israelis visit the resting places of loved ones all through the day. National memorial services are conducted in the company of Israel’s top leadership as well as military personnel.
The memorial candles are also set alight in homes, army camps, schools, synagogues, as well as public places, and flags are lowered to half-staff. During the course of the day, serving and retired military personnel serve as honour guards at war memorials all over the nation, and the families of the fallen personnel in memorial observances at military cemeteries.
A lot of traditional and religious Jews say prayers for the souls of the fallen soldiers on Yom HaZikaron. Special prayers given by the Israeli rabbinate are narrated. These comprise of the recital of Psalm 9: “For the leader, on the death of the son,” and Psalm 144: “Blessed be the Lord, My Rock, who traineth my hands for war and my fingers for battle” adding to commemorative prayers for the dead. The official ceremony takes place at the Western Wall which also marks the inauguration of the day.
The day officially draws to a close at sunset in the middle of 19:00 and 20:00 that is 7–8 p.m. in a ceremony at the national military cemetery on Mount Herzl, marking the start of Israel Independence Day, when the flag of Israel is returned to full staff.
Scheduling Yom HaZikaron right before Independence Day is intended to remind people of the price paid for independence and of what was attained with the soldiers’ sacrifice. This evolution shows the significance of this day among Israelis, maximum of whom have assisted in the armed forces, or have an association with people who were killed for the period of their military service.