Tuberculosis (TB): Common Symptoms, Treatment And Complications

           Tuberculosis or TB is a bacterial infection which is very dangerous and widely spread. It is the second deadliest disease after HIV. A survey report by the United Nations suggests that almost 10% of the world population suffers from tuberculosis at some point in time. If the disease is not cured on time, it can be fatal. Hence, you must be aware of each and everything. The worst part about this disease is that people are not aware of the symptoms and consequences. Hence, we have decided to list down each and every symptom and treatment of tuberculosis.

Causes of Tuberculosis

tuberculosis is a bacterial infection which takes place mostly at the oxygen-rich centers of our body. This is why the bacterias recite mostly in the lungs which is the richest part of our body and terms of oxygen. These bacterias are spread by coughing and sneezing. Once they enter the body, they make cavities, especially in the lungs. These cavities are further infected by other bacterias and this causes the development of pus. The cavities also cause bleeding in the lungs which are very painful for the patient. Hence, it is very important to understand the symptoms of tuberculosis to catch it on the first page itself.

Types of Tuberculosis

There are two types of Tuberculosis, namely active and inactive. This simply means that the bacterias present in the body are either inactive or inactive form. In case of inactive for latent tuberculosis, the bacterias are present in a dormant field inside the human body. They do not cause any harm to the body. Additionally, there are no symptoms of tuberculosis in case of latent. However, the inactive bacterias cam turn active anytime based on the health habits of the individual. Hence, treatment, in this case, is also very important.

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Active tuberculosis is generally normal tuberculosis which occurs when the bacteria is highly active in the human body. They cause damage to various parts of the body including lungs and may cause internal bleeding which may be fatal. Hence, treatment and consulting the doctor is very important in this stage.

Symptoms of Tuberculosis

  • Coughing is the clearest symptom of Tuberculosis. Any individual who has a cold or cough for more than 2 weeks, is highly prone to tuberculosis. The doctor must be consulted immediately in case the cough doesn’t disappear after 2 to 3 weeks.
  • Coughing plus fever is also a common symptom of active tuberculosis.
  • Chest pain and pain while breathing work of ink is another common symptom of Tuberculosis
  • Chills and loss of appetite can also indicate the same disease.
  • Swollen lymph nodes and pain while deep breathing can be a clear symptom of this disease.

Treatment of Tuberculosis

The treatment of tuberculosis is basically the practice of eliminating the bacteria. However, the treatment lasts long compared to any other bacterial infection. This is because of the fact that the bacterias in fact very delicate portions of the body including lungs. The treatment of tuberculosis also where is depending on the person’s health and age factor. Doctors must be kept in touch regularly.

Complications In Tuberculosis

There are various complications in tuberculosis which can prove to be very dangerous. Back main is common in individuals suffering from this disease. It also causes the degeneration of joints and other tissues because of the infection developing in these areas. Hence, it becomes very painful while walking or sitting. Moreover, the worst part about the complications of tuberculosis is that the heart might be damaged severely. This happens mostly in the cases when the bacteria and facts the tissues around the heart. Any kind of cavity formed near the heart can result in serious complications which can be treated only by surgeries. However, these are really uncommon.

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