Nigerian Independence Day 2019: History, Growth, Celebrations And Tradition

Nigerian Independence Day 2019: History, Growth, Celebrations And Tradition

               Nigerian Independence Day 2019: We will soon be cheering for Nigerian Independence Day as the celebration will be observed on 1st October. The day marks the celebration of the independence of Nigeria from the British Government in the year 1960. The day is observed there as an official national holiday. This year will mark as the 59th independence day for the country. In present times Nigeria is one of the fastest-growing countries with impressive foreign exchange from the petroleum industry to different countries.

History Behind Independence

Before 2000 years ago, there was a Nok culture in which people exchanged slaves, ivory, kola nuts for salt, glass beads, coral, cloth and weapons. They worked with metals like iron and produced terra-cotta sculptors. During this period the Britishers expanded their colonies around the world and as a result of such tradition, Nigeria became a colony to Britishers. Lagos which was the formal capital of Nigeria was overpowered by the Britishers in the year 1851. In the year 1900, it became a British protectorate. This colonization lasted for over 100 years that have been benefited from the natural resources until the second World War after which the movement for independence day arose. Then finally on 1st October 1960, the country gained its independence. Since independence, there were extreme civil wars between the northern, western and eastern regions of the country.

Nigeria After Gaining Independence

Nigerian Independence Day 2019: History, Growth, Celebrations And Tradition

Afterward, the constitution of Nigeria was made and all-Nigerian Executive Council was formed and it was headed by the Prime Minister of country, Alhaji Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa. Then after three years, Nigeria became a republic led by Nnamdi Azikiwe who was assigned with the post of its first President. In the current world, the whole of Nigeria is basically divided into main three tribes which are Yoruba, Igbo, and Hausa. In addition to such smaller tribes, the country has almost 520 languages spoken while the official language of the country is English. The petroleum trade was flourishing around the world. Thus, as a result, Nigeria started growing despite the war and assassinations.

Traditions And Celebration 

Obviously the country will be celebrating its independence day as it is a national observance. It is a national holiday on 1st October. Though all the offices are closed still the market and restaurants are kept open for the family gathering. On the morning of October 1st, the president of Nigeria broadcast a live speech to declare the inauguration of independence day. This is followed by the raising of the national flag and singing of the national anthem. A parade is performed by the armed forces and then a national cake is cut in order to commemorate the celebrations at Aso Rock.  Most of the clubs in the country organize themed events for the day.

There are many Nigerians who celebrate the national day with their family and friends. They tend to go out for family dinners, have a party with their friends and the day is enjoyed this way.  Though there is no official planning for the display of fireworks in the country most of the young people celebrate the day with burning crackers. For all those people who love seaside can go for partying on the beachside with their partner. There are events held there as well.

Final Verdict

As mentioned above the celebration of independence day in Nigeria takes place on 1st October 2019 both in the capital Abuja and other 36 states. The students organize different performances based on the theme of independence day. The day also marks the remembrance of the struggle of the freedom fighters who made the country independent. The celebration on this day can be considered as a national integration for the whole country. People of Nigeria who lives outside the country celebrate the day with their family and friends.

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Erin Phan

About the Author: Erin Phan